Head Lice Treatment With Essential Oils
New Study with five different essential oils for treatment against headlice
A very interesting article was published to see if the effects of five essential oils, it does seem that Clove oil mixed with oil seemed to do well at killing lice and was successful with a 90% effectiveness. However it does not seem to be reported on the mortality of eggs. So it would seem to me at 90% for adult lice, it would result in combing every three days for at least a month. I also wonder if the fragrance is one that is easy to remove. Clove oil does have very good antiseptic properties so may be good for protecting open wounds from lice bites
Treatment of head lice has relied mainly on the use of topical insecticides.
Today, conventional topical pediculicides have suffered considerable loss of activity worldwide. There is increasing interest in the use of natural products such as essential oils for head louse control, and many of them are now incorporated into various over-the-counter products presented as pediculicides, often without proper evaluation. The aim of the present study was to assess the in vitro efficacy of five essential oils against adults of Pediculus humanus capitis using a contact filter paper toxicity bioassay. The chemical composition of the essential oils from wild bergamot, clove, lavender, tea tree, and Yunnan verbena was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. All treatments and controls were replicated three times on separate occasions over a period of 11 months. In all, 1239 living lice were collected from the scalp of 51 subjects, aged from 1 to 69 years. Clove oil, diluted either in coco oil or sunflower oil, demonstrated the best adulticidal activity, reaching > 90% mortality within 2 h in lice submitted to a 30-min contact. Yunnan verbena oil diluted in coco oil showed also a significant efficacy. Other essential oils showed a lower efficacy. The oil's major component(s) differed according to the tested oils and appeared chemically diverse. In the case of clove oil, the eugenol appeared as the main component. This study confirmed the potential interest of some of the essential oils tested, but not all, as products to include possibly in a pediculicidal formulation
Candy K, Nicolas P, Andriantsoanirina V, Izri A, Durand R.
Parasitol Res. 2018 Feb;117(2):603-609. doi: 10.1007/s00436-017-5722-5. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
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